Hello! Today you are starting a challenging topic in the Spanish language. The placement of adjectives in relation to their nouns. Many people get very confused with this topic so I’ll try to explain it the best I can!
The general rule is that adjectives when describing nouns go after the noun. So we first say what we are describing and then we … describe it! For Example:
perro caliente = hot dog
camisa amarilla = yellow shirt
Mi mamá es una mujer inteligente. = My mom is an intelligent woman.
No me gusta la sopa fría. = I don’t like cold soup.
It if only stayed this was for all situations… but no… and these are the exceptions:
1. Adjectives that describe essential qualities of a noun:
¡La bella cara de mi bebe es única! = The beautiful face of my baby is unique!
¡La crujiente papita estaba deliciosa! The crunchy potato was delicious.
Many adjectives that are opposite words can be used like this and colors.
2. Adjectives that describe the amount of the noun:
Ella tiene cinco carros de carrera para jugar. = She has five race car to play.
Ellos tienen pocas mesas en el restaurante. = They have few tables in the restaurant.
Pablo tiene pocas camisas.
Other adjectives can be: poco, mucho, ninguno, suficiente, varios, alguno, etc.
3. Adjectives that change a noun:
¡Esta vieja casa esta por caerse! = That old house is about to fall!
La buena comida que hace tu mami es mi favorita. = The good food your mom makes is my favorite!
Other adjectives can be: solo, simple, complejo, nuevo, diferente, gran, etc.
November 27, 2019 Update!
¡Hola! If you go HERE you can find a chart I created and worksheets to practice writing in Spanish with adjectives for different grade levels!